Ni irihe koranabuhanga rizifashishwa mu mikino y'igikombe cy'isi cya 2018?

... by alainmat in Tech News 537

Uko ikoranabuhanga rikoreshwa mu mirimo n'ibikorwa byinshi bitandukanye ni nako umupira w'amaguru nawo utasigaye inyuma kuko naho hasigaye hakoreshwa ikoranabuhanga ryunganira abasifuzi rikabafasha gufata ibyemezo bya nyabyo bihura b'ukuri ku kigereranyo cyo hejuru. Muri iyinkuru turarebera hamwe ikoranabuhanga rizifashishwa mu mikino y'igikombe cy'isi mu mupira w'amaguru kizabera mu Burusiya kikazatangira kuwa 14 Kamena 2018 i saa Kumi n'ebyiri ku isaha y'i Kigali kigafungurwa n'umukino uzahuza Uburusiya nk'igihugu kizakira iyo mikino ndetse na Saudi Arabia.

Hari hasanzwe hifashishwa irihe koranabuhanga mu mikino y'igikombe cy'isi?

Mu mikino y'igikombe cy'isi cya 2014 yaberaga muri Brazil nibwo bwambere ikoranabuhanga ryatangiye kwifashishwa mu mikino y'igikombe cy'isi. Icyo gihe hifashishijwe Goal Line Technology (GLT) ifasha umusifuzi n'abashinzwe kugenzura umukino kumenya niba koko igitego cyagezemo. GLT yatangiye gukoreshwa biturutse ku mpaka zavutse mu mikino y'igikombe cy'isi cya 2010 cyaberaga muri Afurika y'Epfo, icyo gihe umusifuzi yahakanye igitego cya Frank Lampard w'Ubwongereza ubwo ikipe ye yakinaga n'Ubudage bikaza kuyiviramo gusezererwa muri iyo mikino kuko byarangiye Ubudage buyitsinze bukomeza butyo.

Dusobanuye mu magambo make uko GLT ikora, iyo umupira urenze umurongo w'izamu, umusifuzi ahita abimenya binyuze mu isaha aba yambaye. Ibyo bigerwaho binyuze mu twuma twabugenewe (sensors and trackers) dushyirwa mu kibuga no mu mupira tugafasha abashinzwe kugenzura umukino kumenya aho umupira uhereye mu gihe runaka. Iyo rero umupira urenze umurongo w'izamu, twa twuma twohereza ikimenyetso ku isaha y'umusifuzi igahinda ndetse ikiyandikamo ijambo "Goal" byerekana ko igitego cyageze mu izamu.

Hazifashishwa irihe koranabuhanga mu mikino y'igikombe cy'isi cya 2018?

Nk'uko byemejwe na  International Football Association Board (IFAB), mu mikino ya 2018 nubundi GLT izakomeza yifashishwe ariko hiyongereho na Video Assistant Referee (VAR) Technology. VAR ni ikoranabuhanga rikoreshwa hafatwa amashusho y'ibiri kubera mu kibuga mu mfuruka zitandukanye kuburyo icyabaye cyose kiba kigaragara mu mashusho bityo abashinzwe kugenzura umukino bagashobora kunganira umusifuzi wo hagati mu kibuga. Ku basanzwe bakurikirana imikino cyane kuribo iri koranabuhanga si rishya ariko mu mikino y'igikombe cy'isi ni ubwambere rizaba rikoreshejwe. 

Impamvu nyamukuru ituma iri koranabuhanga ryifashishwa ni ukugira ngo hafatwe ibyemezo birimo ukuri. Ibi bizafasha mu gufatira ibyemezo abakinnyi bagira imyitwarire itari myiza nko gukorera amakosa bagenzi babo bitwaje ko umusifuzi atabareba, ndetse bizanakuraho akarengane kajyaga kabaho mu itangwa ry'amakarita aho nk'umukinnyi akora aikosa agahabwa ikarita y'umuhondo kandi yari akwiya iy'umutuku cyangwa agahabwa umutuku yari akwiye umuhondo.

Iri koranabuhanga rizajya ryitabazwa igihe umusifuzi wo hagati abisabye cyangwa abashinzwe kugenzura umukino babonye ko ari ngombwa ko hafatwa icyemezo babanje kuryitabaza. Mu byemezo bizajya iri koranabuhanga rizajya rigiramo uruhare harimo: ibitego, penaliti, amakosa abakinnyi bakorerana, itangwa ry'amakarita n'ibindi bijyanye n'imyitwarire y'abakinnyi.

Nk'uko nta mwiza wabuze inenge rero na VAR yakemanzwe kuzajya itinza imikino bitewe n'iminota izajya itakara mu gihe bibaye ngombwa ko ibanza kwiyambazwa mbere y'icyemezo runaka gusa nanone ku rundi ruhande izavanaho za mvururu zajyaga zigaragara ugasanga abakinnyi buzuye ku musifuzi bashwanira icyemezo runaka afashe nubundi ugasanga iminota iratakaye. Byumvikana ko impaka zizajya ziba nke kuko ikoranabuhanga nta marangamutima rigira. Nubwo bwose bizaba bimeze gutyo, umusifuzi niwe uzakomeza kuba umuyobozi w'umukino w'ibanze.

Tubibutse ko imikino y'igikombe cyi'isi cya 2018 izabera mu Burusiya guhera kuwa 14 Kamena kugeza kuwa 15 Nyakanga 2018.

Igitekerezo, ikibazo cyangwa inyunganizi ufite byandike ahabugenewe.



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