Menya byinshi ku makuru yibwe facebook na cambridge analytica

... by BahatiPhill in Tech News 305

Hashize ibyumweru birenga bibiri amakuru y’ikoranabuhanga yiganjemo Saga za Facebook, aho yatakaje akayabo ka miliyari zigera kuri 60 z’amadollars ($ 60B) mu minsi itarenze itatu, hakiyongera ho ko n’umuyobozi wayo Mark Zuckerberg ari nawe wayishinze nawe yatakaje agera  kuri $ 5B, mu minsi ibiri gusa, byose bitewe no kugwa kw’agaciro k’imigabane ya facebook ku isoko ry’imari ni imigabane facebook icururizwaho ryitwa Nasqad.


Ibi byose byatewe n’iki? 
Iyi nkuru nicyo igiye kuva imuzi!

Ibi byatangiye mu cyumweru gishize ubwo umukozi w’ikigo gikora ibikorwa bya Data science (Data Science ni uburyo bwo kwiga, kuba ufite amakuru ku bantu cya ibintu menshi ukaba wayashakamo ibyo wifuza kumenya, bijya gusa na statistics gusa mu buryo buteye imbere cyane, urugero: ushobora kuba ufite amakuru n’imibare yose yerekana uko imvura yagiye igwa muri Kigali wenda guhera muri 2005 kugeza muri 2015, maze ukaba wafata aya makuru ukabasha kuba Wabasha gu predictinga uko imvura izagwa mu myaka 2 itaha, cg ukaba wamenya niba hazabaho Ibiza mu myaka iza, n’andi makuru yose ushaka kureba, nubwo ibi bitaba aribyo 100%, gusa amahirwe aba ari menshi ko ibyo wa predictinga biba hejuru ya 80% iyo ifite amakuru menshi nanone  bitewe n’ubuhanga ufite muri data science)

Tugarutse kuri iyi saga. 
Uyu mukozi yitwa Christopher Wylie wakoreraga iki kigo bita Cambridge analytica gikora akazi ka Data Science yashize hanze amwe mu makuru Atari akwiye kujya hanze, aho yavuze iki kigo  cyakoreshejwe  kugira ngo babashe gucengeza propaganda yabo maze trump abashe gutorwa.


[photo: Christopher Wylie]

Ku itariki 18 werurwe, ikinyamakuru The Guadian cyashyize inkuru k’urubuga rwabo inkuru ifite umutwe uvuga ngo “I made Steve Bannon’s Psychological Warfare tool”.

"Psychological warfare" ni amayeri yose ushobora gukoresha kugira ngo umuntu muhanganye umuhindure imitekerereze cg utume atekereza uko ubyifuza byaba binyuze  mu kumutera kumva ko adashoboye, cg kumva ko ibitekerezo bye nta shingiro bifite, n’ibindi byinshi.

Tugenekereje “I made steve Bannon’s psychological warfare” bishatse kuvuga ngo “Nakoreye Steve Bannon igikoresho akoresha ahindura abantu imitekereze”. Nubwo Wylie we mu magambo ye yivugiye ati “Steven Bannon’s psychological warfare mindfuck tool”

Steve Bannon ni muntu ki ?

Nta byinshi mvuga kuri steve Bannon gusa, yari umwe mu bakuriye ibikorwa byo kwiyamamaza kwa Donald Trump mu matora ya 2016, yari mu bantu bimbere cyane ku buryo trump amaze no gutorwa yagizwe umwe mu bari bagize akanama k'abajyanama be bakomeye, nubwo muri Kanama 2017 , amaze amezi 8 gusa, byarangiye trump amwirukanye bagatandukana utyo. Uyu steve bannon n'undi muherwe bita Robert Mercer niba bashoye amafranga menshi muri iki gikorwa nubwo Bannon ariwe wakireberaga.


[photo: Steve Bannon]

Wylie ubwe mu magambo ye aganira na Observer (gikorana na the guardian) yavuze ati: “We exploited Facebook to harvest millions of people’s profiles. And built models to exploit what we knew about them and target their inner demons. That was the basis the entire company was built on”.

aya makuru yose  byatangiye imyaka 4 ishize ubwo umwarimu wigisha muri kaminuza ibijyanye na Pyschology (imitekerereze ya kimuntu) witwa Aleksandr Kogan yegereye uwitwa Michal Kosinski wakoraga applications zikorana na facebook (facebook third-party apps), aho yari yarakoze application abantu bakoreshaga
babanje kwinjiramo bakoresheje facebook zabo kugira ngo bazikoreshe.

Izi programu mvuga hano (facebook third-party apps) ni zimwe, dukunze kubona abantu bakoresha kuri facebook zitwa nka “How you will look in your 80s” ifata amafoto yawe zikayahindura ubuto bwawe zikayahindura uko uzaba usa nugera mu busaza, n’izindi nka “which celebrity you look like”, “Who will be your valentine this Year”. 

Niba ukoresha facebook nziko hari imwe muri izo application ushoborakuba uzi, warayibonye zimwe mu nshuti zawe ziyikoresha cg nawe warazikoresha, gusa iyo ugiye kuzikoresha bakubwira amwe mu makuru iyo application izatwara facebook ibitse, wabyemera ikayatwara. Nubwo facebook Platform policy itemera ko izi application aya makuru zatwaye zitemerewe kuyagurisha cg ngo ziyakoreshe mu bindi bikorwa.

Ni uko izi third-party apps zibasha gutwara amakuru y’abantu bakoresha facebook, uko bagenda babika menshi y’abantu benshi ni nako baba bafite ubushobozi bwinshi

Igihe Kosinski yanganga gutanga amakuru iyi application ye yari yaramaze gufata iyakura mu bantu bayikoresha, Kogan yahisemo ku mwishyura ibihumbi  800 by’amadollars ($ 800K) ngo amukorere indi application izajya ifata amakuru menshi ashoboka ku muntu wese uyikoresha hakubiyemo na pages yahiye akurikirana (likes) kuri facebook,  iyi application yaje kwitwa “ThisIsYourDigitalLife”, iza no gukundwa cyane kuko yakoresheje n’abantu ibihumbi 270, muri abo bantu bose ariko harimo abishyuwe kugira ngo bakoreshe iyi application nabo amakuru yabo akajyanwa. 

gusa kubera ko icyo gihe facebook itari yagafata umurongo uhamye wo kurinda amakuru y’abantu bayikoresha, icyo gihe byari byoroshye kugira ngo niba umuntu akoresheje iyo application ube wagenda umenye n’inshutize (friends) amakuru yazo nubwo bo   baba batarigeze bakoresha iyo
application.  

Ibi byatumye iyi application ibasha kuba yafata amakuru y’abantu bagera kuri million 50 zose kuri facebook.

Nkuko bitangazwa n’abakora ibi bikorwa bya data science, byibuze kumenya amapages 68 umuntu aba yara likinze kuri facebook birahagije kuba wamenya ibara ry’uruhu rwe (skin color), sex orientation(abo aryamana nabo. Gay or Straight), ibitekerezo bye kubyerekeye politike (political views), n'ibindi byinshi.

Iki gitekerezo aba bagabo bari bafite cyari gikubiyemo kubasha kumenya imyitwarrire y’umuntu n’imitekerereze ye bagendeye kubyo akunda ‘likes’ (likes akora kuri
facebook na pages akurikirana), maze bakaba bakwiga ku mitekereree ye. maze bagakora uko bashoboye kose harimo nko kugerageza guhindura amakuru umuntu abona kuri news feed ye (amakuru ubona iyo dufunguye konti ya facebook yawe), ayo makuru harimo ay'ibinyoma, ibihuha byose bigamije ku muhindura ibitekerezo byuko abona umukandida ateganya gutora. Ku buryo birangira ahinduye imitekereze yuko yabonaga uruhande rumwe rwa politike.

Nyuma yuko iyi saga imenyekanye byagize ingaruka kuri facebook bikomeye aho byagaragaye ko amakuru facebook ibitse ku bantu barenga miliyari y’abatuye isi bayikoresha ashobora kuba akoreshwa mu buryo bubi ndetse no mu bikorwa bibi.

Nibwo hatangiye igisa nka movement yitwa #DeleteFacebook aho abantu benshi bagendaga basiba konti za facebook zabo. Abantu bari bashyigikiye iki gikorwa harimo n’abakomeye bafite amazina azwi mw’ikoranabuhanga twavuga nka Brian Acton washinze whatsapp nyuma akaza kuyigurisha kuri facebook, twavuga na Elon Musk uherutse gusiba pages z’ibigo bye bikomeye nka SpaceX igurutsa ibyogajuru mu kirere.


[photo: Elon Musk kuri twitter ye, asubiza abantu ko agiye gusiba page ya facebook ya company ye]


Iyi nkuru igisohoka, byafashe iminsi irenga itatu, Mark Zuckerberg umuyobozi mukuru wa facebook nta kintu atangaje aho itangazamakuru ryari ryatangiye kuvuga ko yatinye kugira icyo atangaza,
ku wa gatatu tariki 21 werurwe nibwo yakoze interview na CNN  asaba imbabazi anongeraho we mu magambo ye ati: “we have responsibility to protect your data, and if we don’t the we don’t deserve to serve you”,  anongera ho igihe cyose congress ya amerika yamutumiza yaza akisobanura. Ndetse ko facebook yamaze gufatira ingamba zikomeye third-party apps.


[Photo: Mark zuckerberg, umuyobozi wa facebook]

Inteko Nshingamategeko y’ubwongereza nayo ikaba ishaka ko mark Zuckerberg yagezwa imbere y’iyi nteko akaba yasubiza biwe mu bibazo bifuza kumubaza , gusa bikaba bisa nkaho ho adashaka kuzahagera.

nabwo facebook yahise ihagarika Cambridge Analytica hamwe na konti ya Kogan na Wylie kuri facebook.

Ku wa kabiri taliki 20 werurwe nabwo CEO w’iki kigo Cambridge Analytica witwa Alexander Nix akaba nawe yarahagaritswe ku buyobozi bw’iki kigo nyuma yuko afashwe amashusho rwihishwa (undercover Camera) ari kuganira n’umunyamakuru w’igitanzamakuru cya Channel 4 News waje yigize umu client mushya ushaka ko nawe bamukorera nk’ibyo bakora wo muri Sri Lanka, aho uyu muyobozi yafashwe ku mashusho arimo yigamba ko ntacyo batakorera umuclient wabo ko bashobora no kohereza abakobwa bigurisha aho undi mu candida baba bahanganye aba, bikagera mu itangazamakuru isura ye nayo ikaba yagaragara nabi muri rubanda,

Nubwo iki kigo nyuma yo guhagarika uyu muyobozi wacyo cyatangaje ko ntabyo kizi kuri ibyo bikorwa uyu muyobozi yavuze bakora.

Iki kigo si amatora yo muri leta zunze ubumwe z’amerika bagizemo uruhare gusa kuko bivugwa ko banagize uruhare mu matora yo muri Kenya aheruka, ukongera ho ko banagize uruhare muri referendum iheruka kuba mu bwongereza yiswe “Brexit” aho abongereza bahisemo kuva mu muryango wunze ubumwe w’uburayi (European Union)

Mu gusoza navuga ko ubu kubera ikoreshwa rya internet hamwe n’uburyo ubu ikoranabuhanga rijyanye na Data science  rikoreshwa ku rugero rwo hejuru mu bintu byinshi. Ibi byatumye Data(information) ziba imali ikomeye.  Ku buryo ubu kuba utunze information nyinshi zerekeye ku bantu wabinganya no kugira ikirombe cy’izahabu cg icya petrol.

Tekereza kuba nka facebook ukaba ufite amakuru (data) menshi ku bantu barenga miliyari ituye isi, uzi aho baba, numero zabo za telephone, amafoto yabo, aho bakunze kuba bari, abo bakunze kuba bari kumwe, inshuti zabo, ise , mama, aho yize, aho akora, ibyo akunda kurya, ibyo anywa, umugore we  abo bavukana, abana be n’andi makuru menshi

Aya yose bayakurahe?  Nitwe tuyitangira iyo twuzuza imyirondoro yacu n’ibyacu byose kuri facebook, iyo tuhafunguza konti n’ibyo twuzuza kuri walls zacu.

Nubwo amakuru facebook ifite kubatuye isi ari menshi ntago warangiza utavuze Google yo kubera ko iyo idufiteho ni ntagereranywa. Kubera ko dukoresha products za google mu buzima bwacu bwa buri kanya, Google mail (gmail), Android Phones, Google search, google chrome n’ibindi byinshi ntarondora

Ubonye uburyo ubona amakuru yose google ikuziho, ushobora gusanga ikuzi kurusha uwo mubana mu nzu imwe.



Comments

... by xl

good article kbsaa

Write your comment

Bahati Philbert

@BahatiPhill
...

About me

Very interested in Cyber Security, Python is my favorite language, Net Neutrality is all we have to stand for!

Software Development

Want a Software ?

Here at Ktimez Inc we have qualified programmers that can develop a great web based,desktop and mobile(Androi&IOS) apps for you.

Hire Us

Learn Programming With Us

Want To Improve in your Programming Skills?

Here at Ktimez Inc we have qualified programmers that can teach you every language you are willing to know.

Hire Us

IT and Computer Traings

Software And IT Home Training

You like our daily ICT and Tech news? Hire us, we have a lot of engineers and qualified and skilled IT specialist to train you wherever you are.

Hire us

Copyright © Ktimez.com 2017