Bimwe Mubyo CIA na NSA Zikoresha Bishyirwa Hanze na Wikileaks

... by BahatiPhill in Tech News 2014

Mu ntangiriro z'uyu mwaka wa 2017 nibwo wikileaks yatangaje ko ifite files nama documents menshi yashoboye kubona iyakuye muri NSA(ikigo cy’abanyamerika gikora
ubutasi no kuneka) na CIA, ikavuga ko ayo ma files yose ari ayo hagati ya 2013 kugeza 2016 yagiye ibona binyuze mu buryo butandukanye cyane cyane binyuze ku bantu bita aba whitsleblowers (whitsleblowers ni abantu bagenda bakamena amabanga y'ibintu bibi ibigo baba bakoramo bikora, Edward snowden ni umu whitsleblowers).

Iki gikorwa wikileaks ikaba yaracyise Vault 7,  ariho haje kuva vault 7 series kuko izi documents ntago yazishiriye hanze icyarimwe, ahubwo yagiye itangaza kimwe kimwe mu serie, ubu aho tuvugira ubu serie igeze aho niba twabyita  episode yaba iya 23, wenda wasanga uzajya gusoma iyi nkuru byararenze, tuzakora uko dushoboye tujye tuya updatinga

Muri iyi nkuru iza kuba ndende (niba urambirwa vuba) ndagenda mvuga make kuri buri episode (uko twabyise) guhera kuya mbere icyo izo documents zabaga zirimo bitandukanye kugeza ku iheruka gusohoka yasohotse uyu munsi,  kuko aya ni amabanga y’uburyo urwego rw’ubutasi rwa leta zunze ubumwe z’amerika rukora ashyirwa hanze ku karubanda akabonwa nubishaka wese

Icyitonderwa:  ibyo mvuga mo ahangaha ni kubwo kumenya (education purpose), hapana kwiga kwangiza no kwinjirira uburenganzira bw’abandi,

Ikindi: ntago muri iyi nkuru ndakoresha imvugo ziri techniques cyane, kuko ni byiza ko umuntu wese ari buyisangemo. niba usanzwe umenyereye ibintu bya cyber security no gu hackinga ntago uri busangemo mvuga uko wakoresha izi tools wikileaks ishyira hanze,

Nanone: kenshi biragora kubona amagambo amwe n’amwe inyito yayo y’ikinyarwanda, ni biba ngombwa kenshi uzajya ubona nshizemo amagambo amwe y’icyongereza , ni ukubyihanganira

Ku bantu bashishikajwe cyane kandi bashaka details nyinshi zirenzeho bajya k’urubuga rwa wikileaks bakanze aha


Dutangiye rero, kubera ko NSA na CIA rimwe na rimwe zikoresha abo bita aba contractors, ni abantu baba batari abakozi bahoraho kuko baza bagakora akazi kabo karangira bakagenda, ibi bigo bikunda gukoresha aba hackers bakora batyo, bityo nibwo hatangiye kuzajya habaho ko NSA cg CIA kenshi bimwe mubyo bakoresha baneka isi yose cyane cyane bijyanye n’ikoranabuhanga (amaprogramu bagira yihariye abibafashamo akora mu gu hackinga ariyo ndi kwita tools) nibindi byinshi  rimwe abo ba contractors bahitamo kubishyira hanze mu buryo bw’ibanga ku buryo batamenyekana,  akenshi iyo babishyira hanze babinyuza mu itangazamakuru kuko niho abantu hafi ya bose bamenyera amakuru, akenshi ugasanga bahitamo wikileaks kuko ariyo yamenyekanye cyane  mu gushyira hanze amabanga nkayo ngayo y’ibihugu,  ni muri ubwo buryo ibintu nkibi bigera hanze

Tuje rero uko izi tools naya ma documents yandi byagiye bigera hanze, byatangiye kuri tariki 7 werurwe ubwo wikileaks yatangazaga ko itangije serie nshya ya documents na tools za NSA igiye gushyira hanze iyo serie ikazaba yitwa ”Vault 7” igakomeza ivuga ko  igice kinini kandi cya mbere cy’iyi serie kizitwa ”Year Zero” kikaba kigizwe na documents zose hamwe uziteranyije 8.761


Dark Matter

Kuri tariki 24 Werurwe yasohoye icyo nakwita episode ya mbere yitwa Vault 7  ”Dark Matter ”, aho muri izo documents hari hakubiyemo uburyo CIA ikoresha yanduza (infect) imashini za Apple, na smartphone za iPhone k’uburyo telephone  cyangwa imashini icyo wayikora cyose  niyo wayi resettinga ntacyo byakumarira bahora bafite access ku mashini yawe, niyo wakora password on boot bimwe abantu bafata imashini zabo waba ukiyatsa ako kanya igahita igusaba password kugira ngo yake, nabyo bakaba babasha kubi bypassinga bagakomeza, imashini bakayikoramo ibyo bayifuza aho waba uherereye hose kwisi wowe utabizi,

Muri izi documents zasohotse muri dark Matter harimo tools zigufasha gukora ibyo bintu  navuga nkizitwa (Sonic ScrewDriver, DarkSeaSkies, DerStarke, nizindi ...)


Marble Framework

Tariki 31 Werurwe wikileaks yashyize hanze marble framework yari igizwe na files zigera muri 676, aho iyi framework yo yari igizwe na tools zikoreshwa cyane mu kugenza icyaha ukaba wamenya uwaba yakoze igikorwa runaka yifashishije ikoranabuhanga (Digital forensics) cyane cyane nk’abantu bakora ama Virus, ukaba wamenya uwakoze virus runaka, uko iyo virus ikora, icyo uwayikoze yari agamije nuko wayirinda (niba ushishikazwa nuko virus zikora, byagusaba kubanza kwiga
programming (kwiga kwandika codes) na Networking, niba bigushishikaza ushobora kubyiga mu kinyarwanda online bitakugoye ukanze aha[programming],  naha[Networking])

Source code (ni ukuvuga codes zikoze marble Framewok uzishatse cyangwa nawe ukaba ushaka kuyikoresha wazikura aha)


GrassHopper

Tariki 7 Mata  wikileaks yashize hanze iyo bita Grasshopper ikaba yari igizwe na documents 27 z’uburyo CIA noneho ikoresha yinjira mu mashi za Windows noneho, nkeka abenshi arizo dukoresha , aho iyo grassHopper yo ireba niba mu mashini ishaka kwinjiramo haba harimo byibuze antivirus ikamenya yo uko iri buze kwifata nigera mu mashini bitandukanye nuko yari gukora iyo itaza kuyisangamo nibindi byinshi bijyanye nuko izi windows zacu (windows xp, windows7, windows 8, windows 10) zikora


HIVE

Tariki 14 Mata wikileaks yashyize hanze HIVE igizwe na documents 6  aho hari harimo uburyo CIA itwara amakuru n’ibindi byose bashaka muri telephone cg mudasobwa bamaze kwigarurira, nk’urgero mu gihe imashini yawe yawe yamaze kwattakwa na Grasshoper, Hive yo ibafasha gu controlla iyo mashini yawe bakayibwira yo ibyo ibohereza kandi bikagenda mu buryo bwibanga kandi birinzwe  


Weeping Angel

Tariki 21 Mata wikileaks yashyize hanze weeping Angel, tool bakoreshaga ifasha kuba SmartTV yawe cyane cyane  Samsung  smartTV zakoreshwa mu kuba zaneka nyirayo harimo nko kuba ya recordinga amajwi y’abantu bari kuganirira hafi aho iri (abenshi tuzitereka muri salon) maze ikabibika ikaba izabyohereza igihe babikeneye, niba  ari smartTV ifite na video camera , iyo video camera ishobora gukoreshwa nayo ifata amashusho y’amwe mubayireba

Ho bivugwa ko iyi weeping angel yakoze n’ikigo cya abongereza cy’ubutasi cyitwa MI5 nyuma ikaza no guhabwa CIA


Scribbles

Tariki 28 Mata iyi ikaba ari tools CIA yakoze mu buryo bwo gufata abantu bayo bagerageza gushyira hanze ibyo ikora nibyo ikoresha, ba bacontractors natangiye mvuga bitwa aba whistleblowers, bityo uwashyize hanze tool runaka cg indi documents yakagombye kuba ibanga akaba yafatwa akamenyekana witewe nibyo bita “web beacons tags” baba barashyize muri izo documents zabo z’amabanga (classified documents)’

Archimedes

Tariki 5 Gicurasi, Archimedes yo icyo yafashaga  NSA na CIA ni kuba bayikoresha babasha kwigarurira abantu bari gukoresha internet baherereye ahantu hamwe, nk’urugero nko muri cyber café, lab za internet z’amashuri, network zo mu ma bureau n’ahandi baba bari kuri network imwe  aribyo bita (LAN network) ku buryo bashobora kuba controlla icyarimwe.

Ushaka gukoresha iyi tool ya archimede wakanda aha ukiga uburyo bayikoresha

Niba ukeneye kumenya byinshi birenzeho kanda hano usome igice cya kabiri cy'iyi nkuru 



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Bahati Philbert

@BahatiPhill
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About me

Very interested in Cyber Security, Python is my favorite language, Net Neutrality is all we have to stand for!

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