Amakomande y’ ingenzi ugomba kumenya niba ukoresha operating system za windows

... by charles in Windows 459

Hari inzira nyinshi za bugufi wakoresha kugira ngo ugere kuma files, folders ndetse n'ama program ari muri mudasobwa yawe. Aho ushobora kurema inzira za bugufi zigufasha kuba wagera kuri izo program cyangwa n’ibindi ushaka mu buryo bworoshye. Aho ushobora kuba washyira izo program kuri taskbar (ni ku murungo ugana hasi kuri mudasobwa yawe gusa si ihame ko uhora hasi kuko wanawuhindura ukawushyira ku mpande cyangwa hejuru gusa ubusanzwe uba hasi) ariko ibi ntitwabikora kuri program zose dutunze, windows Run Command box nayo igufasha kuba wagera kuma files, folders, system n’ibindi mu buryo bworoshye.

Tukaba tugiye kurebera hamwe ama komande 15 ugomba kumenya kugira ngo bikorohereye kuba wa genzura muri bimwe ukora muri mudasobwa yawe muburyo bworoshye. Gufungura akadirisha ka windows Run Command kanda ku kamenyetse ka windows kari kuri keyboard yawe hamwe n’ inyuguti ya R icyarimwe (hold windows button then press R).

Amakomande y’ ingenzi ugomba kumenya niba ukoresha operating system ya windows

1.    %temp%
Ubu ni uburyo bwihuse buzagufasha gusiba ibintu byinshi utagikoresha muri mudasobwa yawe. Bikaba bizagufasha kongera ububiko bwa mudasobwa yawe ndetse n’ imikorere (performance) ya mudasobwa yawe.

2.    Cmd
Iyi komande igufasha gufungura akadirishya kahariwe gukoreshwamo ama komande gusa muri operating system za windows kazwi nka DOS (Disk Operating System). Muri iki gihe abantu benshi bakoresha mudasobwa usanga aka gace kahariwe ama komande batagakoresha gusa ni ingenzi kuko hari ibintu byinshi runaka ushobora kujya gukora bikagusaba ko ubikorera muri DOS.

3.    MSConfig
Iyi komande igufasha gufungura windows system configuration aho ushobora guhindura ibintu byinshi bitandukanye, urugero nk’uburyo mudasobwa yawe yaka, amaporogaramu (programs) yifungura mudasobwa yawe ikimara kwaka (Start-up) ndetse n’ ibindi bitandukanye.

4.    Perfmon.msc
Iyi komande ishobora gukoreshwa mu kugenzura imikorere ya mudasobwa yawe. Izagufasha kubona uburyo bwiza kandi bworoshye bwo kugenzura imikorere ya system yawe

5.    Sysdm.cpl
Iyi komande ifungura akadirishya kerekana ibigize (properties) system yawe, aho ushobora guhindura ibirinze mudasobwa yawe ndatse ukaba wahindura n'ibindi bijyanye n’imikorere ya mudasobwa yawe.

6.    Taskmgr
Iyi komande ifungura task manager aho ushobora kugenzura ibiri gukorerwa muri mudasobwa yawe ndetse n'ama program yose afunguye ukaba wareba ibiri gutwara umwanya munini muri mudasobwa yawe, task manager yitabazwa cyane nk'igihe ufunze program runaka ku buryo busanzwe bwo gukanda ku gasaraba gatukura ikanga gufungika, icyo gihe iyo ugiye muri task manager urayifunga byoroshye cyane.

7.    Regedit
Regedit komande ikoreshwa gufungura windows registry. Windows registry ni izingiro ry’ububiko bw’amabwiriza runaka (configuration) ya windows operating system, kimwe n'ama software yose ari muri mudasobwa yawe.

8.    \ (akarongo kaberamye)
Aka karongo nukandika muri Run command (twabonye ko run command ifungurwa ukanze kuka menyetso ka windows kari kuri keyboard ndetse no ku nyuguti ya R icyarimwe) kazafungura Local Disk C, iyi ikaba arinzira yihuse yo kugera kuri Local Disk C

9.    . (akadomo)
Iyo wanditse akadomo muri run command yawe hafunguka umu user uri gukoreramo ahabitse ama folders atandukanye nka Downloads, Documents, Desktop, Pictures ndetse n'izindi zitandukanye.

10.    .. (utudomo tubiri)
Iyo wanditse utudomo tubiri muri run command hafunguka folder ibitsemo umubare w’aba user bari muri mudasobwa yawe iyo folder ikaba iherereye muri Local Disk C

11.    Control
Iyi komande ifungura control panel, control panel ikoreshwa mu kugenzura (managing) ibigize system yose ndetse n’ama program yose ari muri mudasobwa

12.    Hdwwiz.cpl
Iyi komande ikoreshwa mu gufungura device manager, aha ushobora kugenzura ibikoresho (device) byose bicometse kuri mudasobwa ndetse n’ibyazanye na mudasobwa.

13.    Osk
Iyi komande ifungura On-screen Keyboard kuri screen ya mudasobwa, aho ushobora kuba wigize ikibazo cya keyboard isanzwe wenda nka buto (button) imwe yagize ikibazo, aha wafashisha komande "Osk" ikagufungurira On-screen keyboard ubundi ukabasha kwandika ukoresheje mouse.

Niba hari icyifuzo, inyunganizi cyangwa igitekerezo ushaka kutugezaho rero wareba hepfo gato ukadusangiza igitekerezo cyawe ahabugenewe, cyangwa ukatwandikira kuri page yacu ya Facebook ariyo "Ktimez.com".



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Ndabaramiye Charle

@charles
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I undergraduated in IPRC Kigali in Information and Comminucation Technology(ICT), I am a highly motivated young man, completely invested in tech business.

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