Ni ukubera iki aba Hackers benshi bakoresha Linux Operating System?

Uyu munsi tugiye kurebera hamwe impamvu itera aba hackers guhitamo gukoresha Linux operating system kurusha andi ma operating system nka windows n'ayandi.

Linux ni open source Operating System ikaba yaraturutse kuri version ishaje nka UNIX.

Linux ihora ikorwa umunsi ku munsi kandi bitewe n'ibyiza byinshi igira ugereranyije n'andi ma operating system akaba ariyo mpamvu nyamukuru aba hacker bakunze kuyikoresha. Bahitamo gukoresha Linux cyane aho gukoresha izindi operating system nka za Windows cyangwa Mac OS.

Reka turebere hamwe birambuye impamvu aba hackers bahitamo gukoresha Linux kurusha andi ma operating  System.

Mbere na mbere reka turebere hamwe icyo ijambo hacker rivuga:

 Hacker ni umuntu winjira muri computer networks (nk'uko twabibonye muri post zagiye zihita kuri uru rubuga) cyangwa akaba yakwinjira muri system ya mudasobwa y’umuntu usanzwe. Ibi hacker akabikora kubw'impamvu nyinshi zitandukanye zirimo kwishimisha, kwangiza, kwiba, kureba aho ubushobozi bwabo bugeze mu kwinjira mu bintu by’abandi badafitiye uburenganzira ndetse n'ibindi.

Byumvikana ko buri mu hacker wese akenera operating system itanga umutekano usesuye kugira ngo abashe kugerageza ubushobozi bwe cyangwa umuntu ubaha ubwirinzi bukomeye mu bikorwa byabo ikaba ariyo mpamvu Linux ikunze kubabera amahitamo ya mbere.

Uyu munsi rero amamiliyoni y'amakode (codes) amenshi yanditswe agenewe amaporogaramu ya Linux n'ama libraries.

Ubunyembaraga n'uburyo ishobora kuba yahindurwamo bitagoranye bikaba aribyo bituma aba hacker bose bihitiramo Linux.

Aba hacker kandi basobora kuyikoresha ,kuyiga ,ndetse no kuyisobanukirwa neza bivuze ngo iyo babonye ahantu hari umutekano udahagije hano umutekeno mvuga ntabwo ari ujyanye n'ingabo zirinda ahantu runaka ahubwo ni umutekeno w'ibintu bikorerwa kuri murandasi, bagerageza gushaka aho uwo mutekano muke waturutse bakanashakisha uburyo bawukomeza aribyo bita Penetration testing ushobora guhita wibaza uti ese penetration testing ni iki?? Ubu ni uburyo bwo gukora ubugenzuzi bwa system ya mudasobwa ,network ,web application kugira ngo urebeko hari ahantu umu hacker yanyura kugira ngo abashe kwigarurira mudasobwa yawe ,web application n'ibindi. Kubera iyo mpamvu rero abantu benshi muri iyi minsi bakaba barimo gushyira linux operationg system muri mudasobwa zabo.

Reka turebere hamwe ibyiza byo gukoresha linux kurusha uko wakoresha Mac, Windows Operating System

1.Open Source


Muri iyi minsi iyo ukoze porogram isaba ubumenyi cyangwa guhindura amacode akoze operating system ,amacode ya linux niyo waheraho ukaba wahindura source(ama codes kubantu bazi ibijyanye na programming) z'iyo operating system bitewe n'icyo ushaka kandi nama porogaramu yose akoreshwa muri linux OS(Operating System)nayo aba ari ama open source.

Open Source hano icyo bishatse kuvuga ni uko ushobora kubona ama codes akoze Linux Operating System runaka nta kiguzi bigusabye ari naho bitandukaniye na Windows Operating System yo ntana codes na nke wabona yayikoze.

2.Compatibility


Ni ukuvuga ko ama Unix packages yose akora no muri version nshya za linux.

Ushobora guhita wibaza uti ese unix packages ni iki? Ni uruhurirane rwa software tools inashobora kuba yakwemera andi ma format y'ama files.

3.Fast And Easy Installation



Ubwoko bwa linux bwinshi burimo gusohoka muri ino minsi buzana  na user friendly installation no gushyiramo ama program ndetse ama linux Distribution yamenyekanye cyane aza arimo nuburyo bwo gushyiramo andi maporogaramu aba atarakoranywe n'izo linux
kuba yajyamo mu buryo bworoshye.

Kandi linux igihe ifata yaka kikaba ari gito ugereranuje n'icyo andi ma operating System afata.

4.Network Friendship


Nk'uko twabibonye ko iyi Operating System ari Open Source ikaba ihurirwaho n'abantu benshi kuri murandasi, Ikaba inatanga ama libraries menshi ndetse n'ama commands ashobora kuba yakoreshwa mu gukora network penetration.

Iyi operating System(Linux) ikaba ikora backup ya network mu buryo bwihuse kurusha andi ma Operating Systems yose.

5.Stability


Ni Linux Operating System yonyine itazigera igusaba kuzimya mudasobwa yawe kugira ngo ikomeze gukora neza kandi ikaba ari Operating System idapfa gu Freezing cyangwa kugenda gake bitewe n'igihe imaze ikoreshwa. Ushobora Gukoresha iyi Operating System imyaka n'imyaka.

6.Multitasking


Linux yakozwe kugira ngo ikore ibintu byinshi mu gihe gito nk'urugero nka large printing job iba irimo gukora muri background ntabwo ituma akazi irimo gukora kagenda gahoro bivuze ko n'akandi kazi gashobora gukorwa bitabangamiye process yabanjije.

7.Full use of Hard Disk

Ni linux yonyine izakomeza gukora neza nubwo hard disk yaba igiye kuzura aribyo bidakunze kubaho kuyandi ma operating systems .


8.Flexibility


Ibintu by'ingenzi Linux irusha andi ma Operating System nuko  ishobora kuba yakoreshwa muma High-Performance Server application ,Desktop Application no mu ma Embedded System .

9.Low Cost


Nkuko twabibonye mbere tuvuga kuri open Source, LINUX Operating Systems ukaba wayibona nta kiguzi utanze ukoresheje murandasi ndetse n'amaporogaramu ikoresha nayo uyabona nta kiguzi  ni ukuvuga ko nta kiguzi bigusaba kugira ngo ubashe kubona Linux OS ariko siko Linux OS yose aboneka kubuntu hari amoko amwe n'amwe agurishwa bitewe n'aba nyiri kuyakora muri ubwo bwoko harimo RedHat .

10.Less Vulnerable

Muri iyi minsi ama operating System yose aboneka ukuyemo linux aba afite Vurnerability nyinshi muri izo ariko Linux niyo ifite ubwirinzi buhambaye ugereranije n'andi ma Operating System (OS) . Ushobora guhita wibaza uti ese Vurnerability ni iki? Vurnerability ugendeye mu buryo bw'ikoranabuhanga ni igihe mudasobwa yawe idafite ubwirinzi buhagije kuburyo yabasha guhangana n’ibitero aba hacker bagira kuri iyo mudasobwa.

11. Support For Most Programming Languages


Linux ikaba yemera cyangwa yakira uruhurirane rw'ama programming languages, harimo C/C++, Java, PHP, Ruby, Python, Perl n'andi menshi akora neza akoresheje linux Operating System.

12.Mostly, Hacking Tools are written for Linux.



Ama tools yamenyekanye yose akoreshwa muri Hacking nka Metasploit na Nmap aya ma tools akaba afite na version ya windows ni ukuvuga ko ushobora kuba wayakoresha wifashishije na Windows Operating System, ariko ubushobozi iba ifite muri windows ntaho buba buhuriye n’ubwo wayikoresha wifashishije linux.Linux ifite tools zimwe na zimwe nziza kandi ikaba inagenzura memory muburyo bwiza ugeranije n'andi ma Operating System.

13.Privacy is Taken Seriously

Hari amakuru menshi yagiye avugwa ku byerekeye ku mutekano muke wa windows 10. Windows 10 Operating System ubusanzwe ikusanya ama data(ni ukuvuga ibintu byawe byose ubitse yaba amabanga ndetse n'ibindi ) ubitse, ariko ntabwo uzigera wumva hari umuntu wavuze ko cyangwa harinkuru ivugako Linux ikusanya ama data yawe n'ibindi byaba bikwerekeyeho akaba ariyo mpamvu aba hacker bahitamo kwikoreshereza linux .
Ni ukuvugako mu gihe ukoresha Windows Operating System ugomba kumenya ko ibintu byose by'ibanga ubitse hari abandi babibona mu buryo bw'ibanga.

14. You don’t need Drivers


Linux ntabwo ikenera ama drivers ahubwo yo iba yifitiye ayakoranwe nayo aba ari mucyo bita linux kernel iza muri buri linux installation. Bisobanuye ko udakeneye CDs ukundi kugira ngo ubashe gushyira ama Drivers muri mudasobwa yawe igihe ukoresha linux.
Ushobora kwibaza uti ese Drivers ni iki? Niba warigeze gushyira Operating System ya windows muri mudasowa yawe ndizera ko waba warahuye n'ikibazo kimwe muri ibi bikurikira:
1.Kuba waramaze gushyira Windows Os muri mudasobwa yawe ariko washaka kureba amashusho y'indirimbo cyangwa Video ukabona atagaragara neza bikaba byaragusabye kuba washyiramo ama drivers ya Graphics kugira ngo amashusho abashe kugaragara neza.
2.kuba umaze gukora format ukaba utabasha kuba wakoresha Wireless
Ni byinshi bisaba ama drivers muri windows kugira ngo ubashe kubikoresha ariko siko bimeze ku bantu bakoresha Linux. Akaba ari nayo mpamvu rero aba hackers benshi bihitiramo gukoresha Linux .

15.Future Belongs To LINUX


Mu bintu byose twabonye haruguru ikintu cyagaragaye cyane nuko ahazaza h'ama Operating Systems yose hayobowe na Linux Operating System.

Wakunze ibyo twanditse wabisangiza n'abandi cyangwa ugize ikibazo cyangwa igitekerezo watwandikira ahagenewe ibitekerezo!

by crook in Tech News Linux

Nigute wamenya abinjiye n’abagerageje kwinjira muri mudasobwa yawe!?

Kuba ukoresha mudasobwa bigushyira mu mubare mugari w’abasangira amakuru ku isi yose biciye kuri internet, ibyo kandi bigatuma mudasobwa yawe ihora yitegeye rubanda nyamwinshi rudashobora kuburamo abashaka kuyinjiramo; rimwe na rimwe bigakunda ubundi bikanga. Niba mudasobwa yawe ikoresha Linux Operating System, ushobora kumenya abinjiye ndetse n’abagerageje kuyinjiramo ukoresheje command ya last tugiye kurebera hamwe uko ikora maze ikakwereka ibyo wifuza kubona.

Command ya last yerekana urutonde rwose rw’abagerageje kwinjira muri mudasobwa yawe n’igihe babikoreye ndetse yerekana n’igihe system yawe iheruka kongera gutangira bundi bushya (reboot). Iyi command ikorana na wtmp ndetse na utmp (files zibika amakuru ajyanye n’abinjira muri mudasobwa muri Linux) maze ikabasaha kwerekana abagize aho bahurira na mudasobwa yawe. Ifoto ikurikira yerekana urutonde last izana iyo ntacyo wacaguyemo cyihariye ushaka kureba.


Nk’uko bigaragara ku ifoto, urutonde ruba ari rurerure kandi wenda siko ushaka kureba byose, aha rero ushobora kuyobora iyi command aho ikwereka. Mu buryo ushobora guhitamo ko iyi command ikoresha harimo ubu bukurikira:

YYYYMMDDhhmmss (UmwakaUkweziUmunsiIsahaUmunotaIsegonda)
YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss (Umwaka-Ukwezi-Umunsi Isaha:Umunota:Isegonda)
YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm (Umwaka-Ukwezi-Umunsi Isaha:Umunota)
YYYY-MM-DD (Umwaka-Ukwezi-Umunsi)
hh:mm:ss (Isaha:Umunota:Isegonda)
Hh:mm (Isaha:Umunota)
Yesterday (Ejo hashize)
Now (Aka kanya)
Today (Uyu munsi)
Tomorrow (Ejo hazaza)
+Xmin (X aba ari umubare w’iminota guhera kuri 0 kuzamura)
-Xdays (X aba ari umubare w’iminsi guhera kuri 0 kuzamura)
-p – yerekana abantu bari bari gukoresha system mu gihe runaka
-s – yerekana imiterere y’uko system yinjiwemo mu gihe runaka

Dukoresheje bumwe mu buryo tumaze kuvuga haruguru reka turebe uko last ikora

last -p 2017-08-10

Aha iyi command igomba kutwereka niba hari abigeze binjiramuri system kuwa 10 Kanama 2017 nk’uko bigaragara ku ifoto ikurikira


Ushobora kandi kureba uko byari byifashe mu gihe runaka ukoresheje uburyo bwa -s na -t twabonye haruguru. Wabikora gutya:

last -s -20days -t -10days

Aha yakwereka abagerageje ndetse n’abinjiye muri system mu minsi myakumyabiri yashize kugarukira ku munsi wa cumi w’ahashize. Ni ukuvuga ngo niba turi kuwa 31 Kanama 2017, iriya command yakwereka ibyabaye kuva kuwa 11 Kanama kugeza kuwa 21 Kanama 2017.


Reka noneho turebe command wakoresha wenda ushaka kureba ibyabaye kuva ejo hashize kugeza ku isaha yashize. Ni ukwandika:

last -s yesterday -t -60min

Uko niko command ya last ikora ikakwereka abagiye bagerageza kwinjira ndetse n’abinjiye muri mudasobwa yawe.

by alainmat in Linux How To

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