Nigute waba umuprogrameri mwiza?

Muri iyi iminsi kurusha nikindi gihe cyigeze kubaho technology(ikoranabuhanga)  iri mubintu bikenewe kandi biri guteza imbere ibikorwa byose aho biva bikagera ubu yaba abahinzi ndetse nibindi bikorwa byishoramari ubu bikeneye programu cyangwa systeme za mudasobwa, ibi bigatuma aba programeri muri ikigihe bakenewe cyane kwisoko gusa icyiza cya technology(ikoranabuhanga) ushobora kuyisanga ahantu hose kuri murandasi(internet), gusa benshi bakunze kwibaza uburyo baba abaprogrameri.

 Icyo ugomba kumenya nuko kuba umuprogrameri ntibisaba amashuri y'ikirenga cyangwa ubwenge buhambaye!

Ushobora kuba wumva bikomeye... arko ukuri nuko bishobora no kukworohera kurusha uko wabicyekaga. icyo ugomba gukora ni ugusoma cyane,gukora(practice),ndetse no kudacika intege, ibi nibimwe mubintu bizagufasha kuba umuprogrameri mwiza.


Ibyibanze

Mbere yuko utangira kwirushya urwana namacode ugomba kubanza kwiyigisha ibyibanze kuri mudasobwa(computer,computer science), interineti cyangwa se murandasi kuko nibyo bizagufasha mururugendo rwo kuba umuprogrameri mwiza reba hano.


Koresha Commande cyane

ushobora kuba utazi commande icyaricyo, gusa ibintu byose dukora kumashini byose  wanabikora ukoresheje commande. urugero ushobora gukereya folder "mkdir <izina rya folder>", uko uzakoresha commande cyane bizagufasha kuba umuprogrameri mwiza kuko ibikoresho byaba programeri byinshi bikoresha amacommade.



[photo: Windows command prompt]

Hitamo text editor (aho bandikira code) nziza 

aba programeri bagira amahitamo atandukanye iyo bigeze kuma text editor bitewe nuko izo text editor zibafasha kandi zikanaborohereza. Izi ni zimwe muri text editor nziza zizagufasha kandi zikoreshwa naba programeri benshi.

  

1.Visual Studio Code (vscode)


[photo: Microsoft visual studio text editor]

2.Sublime


[photo: Sublime text editor]

3.Notepad++


[photo: Notepad++ text editor]

Wibuke ko ushobora gukoresha text editor ushaka muri izi tuvuze haruguru cyangwa nizindi ushaka 

Iga gukoresha "git & github" 

Git ubundi ni version control system igufasha gu contorora ibice bya porogaramu yawe ndetse ukaba wanasubira inyuma mugihe wibeshye cyangwa hagize ikindi kibazo kivuka kandi sinibyo gusa kuko github igufasha gukorana nabandi ba programeri kumushinga(project) umwe muherereye mumpande zitandukanye.


Imbuga zagufasha kwiga byihuse programming

Imbuga wabarizaho ibibazo bijyanye na programming

reba programming languages zikunzwe kandi zikoreshwa cyane maze nawe wihitiremo iyo wakoresha aha

.

by kush in Web Dev How To

Sobanukirwa: Bluetooth

Bluetooth yagiye hanze mu mwaka wa 1994 ishyizwe hanze n'uruganda rwa Ericsson, izina bluetooth rikaba ryaravuye ku mwami wayoboye Denmark na Norway witwaga Harald Bluetooth wabayeho mu kinyejana cya 10. icyo gihe biriya bihugu byari byiganjemo abantu bo mu bwoko bw'aba Vikings, nawe akaba yari umu viking. 


umwami Bluetooth


Bluetooth ikora ite?

Bluetooth nayo ni ubwoko bwa wireless communication, nkuko uzi za Wi-Fi,  gusa bukorera ahantu hatoya. ibikoresho bya electronic biza birimo iyi bluetooth guhera kuri za Digital Camera (izigira bluetooth), printers, telephones, mudasobwa, n'ibindi bikoresho byinshi bya electronics  biba bishobora guhanahana no gu shareringa data hagati yabyo. 

Bluetooth ikoresha frequency ya 2.45 GHz, bivuze ko ubashije kuba ufite igikoresho cyakira frequency ya 2.45GHz, ushobora kujya ufata ibintu byose biri guca ahantu uherereye bijyanywe na bluetooth (nkuko iyo ufite radio FM ubasha gufata signals ziri guca aho uherereye ziri kugenda kuri frequency hagati ya 88 kugeza kuri 108 MHz, kuko radio ni igikoresho cyakozwe ngo kijye cyakira izo signal zose zigendera muri iriya range,  gusa ntibivuze ko signal yose iri hagati ya 88-108MHz radio fm zacu zasobora kuyumviriza,  kuko ushobora gufata nawe signal ya wenda 88Mhz ukayinyuza nawe mu kirere (ukayi transmittinga), ariko wamaze kuya encondinga, ku buryo radio niyo yayakira itaza kuza gushobora ku decodinga (demodulation) ya signal wohereje, kuko radio itazi ibyo wohereje ibyo aribyo)

Abahanga mu bya electronics nibo baba barashyizeho ziriya standards zose tugenderaho, nko kuvuga ngo bluetooth ikorera kuri 2.45GHz, bivuze ko uruganda rwose ruzajya gukora igikoresho cya bluetooth ruzubahiriza ariya mahame, nti rukore bluetooth ikorera kuri wenda 3GHz kuko iyo ntiyazigera ikorana n'izindi

Ingano yaho  bluetooth ishobora kugeza biterwa n'ubushobozi n'ingufu zo kohereza kure no kwakira by'icyo gikoresho irimo hamwe na na verison ya bluetooth, ubu nguba hakaba hari versions za bluetooth zigera muri eshanu aho iya 5 ishobora kugeza muri metero 400 (nubwo itarashyirwa mu bikoresho biri kw'isoko ubu), naho twebe izo dukoresha zikaba inyinshi ari version ya 3, aho itarenza metero 10, version ya 4 yo igeza muri metero 100 ikaba inagira umuvuduko wa  2.1Mbps 

Network yakozwe na bluetooth bayita PAN cyangwa Piconet

Umutekano wa Bluetooth

waba wibaza niba iyo ucanye bluetooth ya telephone yawe, ibyo uri kuhanyuza cg ibyo uri gu shareringa n'undi muntu muri kumwe aho, byaba bifite umutekano ko nta wundi muntu wabibona? cg ujya wibaza niba mu gihe ucanye bluetooth atari nkaho uba ufunguye umuryango, ku muntu wese ubifitiye ubushobozi n'ubumenyi akaba yakwinjira muri telephone yawe?

Yego Bluetooth hamwe n'izindi wireless communication hafi ya zose zijya kohereza ibyo zohereza zabanje kwa encryptinga kuburyo niyo wabifata utabigenewe ntacyo byakumarira, gusa  aba hackers n'abandi banyabyaha benshi nabo bagenda bagira ibyo bangiza.  hari icyo nakwita nka attacks eshatu ubu zishobora gukorwa kuri bluetooth yawe mu gihe ujya usiga uyicanye,

  • Bluebugging () 
  • Bluejacking (gu controlla bluetooth itari iyawe, ukayikoresha ibyo ushaka byose)
  • Bluesnarfing ( kureba ibintu bantu babiri bari gukoresha bluetooth bari guhanahana)
  • BlueBorne (iyi niyo nshya yavumbuwe umwaka ushize wa 2017, mu gihe bluetooth yawe icanye, yakora icyo yifuza cyose muri telephone tawe)

niba utara updatinga smartphone yawe, patches zo google na apple zatanze umwaka ushize, nawe menya ko telephone yawe ishobora kwinjirirwa hakoreshejwe uburyo bwa blueborne, gusa niba utaranigeze wa updatinga, ibyiza ni ukujya wibuka gufunga bluetooth yawe mu gihe utari kuyikoresha kuko mu gihe izimije ntawabona aho yinjirira. 

aha navuze muri make, ushaka kemenya byinshi kuri izo attacks, wajya google! ukazigaho


Ahazaza ha Bluetooth

kubera ko nayo ari ubwoko bwa wireless communication nkuko twatangiye tubivuga, kandi ikaba ikenerwa cyane mu dukoresho duto ngendanwa. aho utwo dukoresho dukorwa himirijwe ko twarambana umuriro, bluetooth yo ikaba irya umuriro mwinshi iyo icanye, ibi biba imbogamizi ku bantu bakora utu dukoresho.  ikindi kibazo bluetooth izahura nacyo ni iterambere rya internet aho ubu hari icyitwa "Internet of things" gisa nkaho kiri gufata intera cyane muri iyi minsi (internet of things ni uburyo bushya buri kuza ubu, buhuza ibikoresho byose bya electronic kuba byajya kuri  internet kandi bwo kubaba budafite ya mbogamizi ya bluetooth yo gukora ahantu hato 

ibi bigasa nkaho nubwo bluetooth ntaho yenda kujya vuba aha, ariko uko imyaka izagenda ihita bigaragara ko ikoreshwa ryayo rizagenda  rigabanuka

niba ushaka gusoma byinshi kuri bluetooth wa kanda aha

by BahatiPhill in How To

Uburyo wabika status ya whatsapp udafashe Screenshot

Twese kuri ubu tuzi application yitwa Whatsapp abenshi muri twe turayikoresha kuri ubu hari uburyo yashyizeho bwo kuba wahindura status kuri konti yawe ya whatsapp ukaba wasangiza inshuti zawe muri ayo ma status washyiraho harimo (amafoto,video …).

Ariko nubwo whatsapp yashyizeho ubwo buryo bwokuba wasangiza inshuti zawe amafoto n’ibindi ntabwo irabasha gushyiraho
uburyo wakoresha kugira ngo ubashe kuba wabika ifoto cyangwa video inshuti yawe yashyize kuri status ye igihe wayikunze.

Wabifata ute nkubwiye ko hari uburyo washobora kuba wabika iyo status mugihe wayikunze?

Muri iyi nkuru tugiye kurebera hamwe uburyo twabika (save) status inshuti zacu zashyize kuri account zabo mugihe twabikunze utiriwe ufata Screenshot .

Icyo bigusaba ni ugushyira porogaramu yitwa status saver muri telephone yawe gusa ubundi ukaba wakwibikira amafoto cyangwa  video inshuti zawe zashyize kuri status zabo.

Reka turebere hamwe icyo bidusaba kugirango tubashe kuba twabika status z’inshuti zacu mugihe twakunze ayo ma status.

1.Manura porogaramu yitwa status saver for whatsapp uyishyire muri telephone yawe nurangiza uyifungure. Ushobora kuyimanura unyuze aha (https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.gremamdia.stosaver)

2.Fungura whatsapp yawe ukande kuri status y’uwo ushaka kubika status afite nurangiza utegereze video cyangwa ifoto irangize ku loading .

3.Fungura ya porogaramu washyize muri telephone yawe (Status Saver for Whatsapp) ubundi uhitemo video cyangwa amafoto aha icyo usabwa ni uguhitamo icyo ushaka kureba. Ni ukuvuga ko status wabitse ako kanya izahita igaragara muri iyo porogaramu .

4.Kanda kuri download button nurangiza wongere ukande ahanditse save ako kanya ifoto izahita ijya muri Gallery yawe.

Ubu akaba aribwo buryo bwambere wakoresha kugira ngo ubashe kubika status muri gallery ya telephone yawe.

Uburyo bwa kabiri wakoresha ukabona status zose waba wararebye:

1.Fungura telephone yawe nurangiza ufungure Filemanager

2.Fungura Whatsapp folder nurangiza ufungure folder yanditseho Media.



3.Emeza kubona ama folder ari hidden (ahishwe) umaze kuyemeza uzahita ubona folder yitwa statuses. Yifungure uzahita ubona status zose wabashije kubona 



Ubu akaba aribwo buryo wakoresha ukabona status z'inshuti zawe zose utifashishije porogaramu n'imwe! Ubu akaba aribwo buryo wakoresha kugirango ubashe kubika status y’inshuti yawe mugihe wayikunze.

Hari ikibazo cyangwa igitekereo ufite watwandikira ahagenewe kujya ibitekerezo.

by crook in How To

Uko wakoresha internet mu ibanga rikomeye.

Abakoresha internet bamenyereye gukoresha web browsers bareba byinshi bitandukanye kandi bazi neza ko amakuru ajyanye n'imbuga baba basuye asigara muri browser ndetse uwaza wese akaba yakomereza aho wari ugejeje. Urugero iyo ufunguye browser yawe ugitangira kwandika kt uhita ubona ko haza ktimez.com niba uyisura kenshi. Ibaze rero niba ujya usura imbuga udakeneye ko hagira umenya ko uzisura nyamara yaza yakwandika inyuguti yambere browser igahita igutamaza. Turarebera hamwe uburyo wakwifashisha kugira ngo ujye usura imbuga zitandukanye nta makuru usize inyuma.

Kwandika inyuguti z'urubuga runaka zibanza izisigaye zigahita ziyuzuza bivuga ko browser yawe iba yarabitse amakuru ajyanye n'urwo rubuga kugira ngo izajye ikwibutsa mu gihe ugiye kongera kurusura bityo urugereho vuba. Kuba browser yawe ibika aya makuru bifite akamaro ko kuba urubuga rufunguka byihuse bitewe n'uko ruba ruri hafi kandi rumenyerewe. Ibi ariko nanone bifite ingaruka kuko uwo ariwe wese yaza agafungura browser yawe akareba muri history akamenya imbuga usura bityo akaba yagira ishusho nto yerekeye ibyo ukorera kuri internet.

Si imbuga usura gusa zisigara muri log (Ububiko bw'ibyakozwe) ya browser yawe, n'amakuru atandukanye uba waragiye wuzuza mur forms runaka nayo aba abitse ndetse n'ama passwords uba warahisemo gu savinga. Urugero niba ukunda gusura facebook uzabona ko iyo ugiyeho ugatangira kwandika izina ukoresha browser ihita irikwereka ukaba wahita ukomeza utarinze kuryandika ryose. N'izindi mbuga uba waragiye wuzuzaho amakuru yawe niko bigenda buriya aba akibitswe muri browser yawe.

Ubusanzwe hari browser zitandukanye, aha twavuga nka Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer, Opera n'izindi nyinshi cyane tutarondora. Izi browser usanga zifite uburyo wakoresha usura imbuga runaka mu ibanga nubwo abenshi batabwitaho. Ubu buryo bugufasha gusura imbuga za internet wisanzuye ku buryo nta makuru browser isigarana bityo ntamuntu waza nyuma yawe ngo amenye ibyo wakoraga. Ubu buryo bugira amazina atandukanye bitewe na browser. Muri Google Chrome ubu buryo bwitwa Incognito Mode, muri Firefox ho bwitwa Private mode mu gihe muri Egde ho bwitwa InPrivate mode n'andi atandukanye bitewe na browser gusa byose bikaba bigaruka kuri privacy y'usura imbuga runaka akoresheje iyo browser.

Incognito, Private, InPrivate, n'izindi modes zikora gute?

Iyo uri gukoresha izi modes, broswer yawe yitwara nk'aho ntaho ihuriye n'ububiko bwayo bityo ikamera nk'aho ari ubwambere uyifunguye ntakintu na kimwe yigeze ibika. Ibi bivuga ko iba itagikora nk'uko mode zisanzwe ziba zikora ahubwo yo nta makuru na make ibika. Urugero Niba wari winjiye muri konti yawe ya facebook ukoresheje uburyo busanzwe, hanyuma ugafungura incognito window, uzabona ko nusubira kuri facebook bizamera nk'aho utari wigeze uyijyaho. Izagusaba kwinjiramo bundi bushya bitewe n'uko incognito mode nta makuru isiga inyuma bityo bikaba bimeze nk'aho ibyo wakoze mbere byose yabyibagiwe. Izi modes zikunze kwifashishwa n'abareba ibintu byatuma bakemangwa mu gihe byaba bigaragaye. Urugero nk'abareba amashusho y'urukozasoni (Sinkubwiye ngo ujye uyareba kuko si byiza na gato) bakunze gukoresha incognito mode mu rwego rwo kugira ngo hatazagira umenya ko bajya bayareba.

Ni gute watangira gukoresha Incognito, Private, InPrivate, n'izindi modes?
Gukoresha izi modes biroroshye cyane kuko browser ubwayo iba izifitiye bivuze ko ntakindi bigusaba uretse gusa kuba ufite browser. Ahata turarebera hamwe uko wazifungura ukoresheje Chrome, Firefox na Edge. Izindi browser nazo aba ari kimwe.

Incognito mode muri Google Chrome



Private browsing muri Firefox



InPrivate browsing muri Microsoft Edge



Ufite ikibazo, igitekerezo cyangwa inyunganizi wakwandika ahabugenewe cyangwa ukatwandikira kuri page yacu ya facebook ariyo "ktimez.com".

Wamenya ute niba imyirondoro yawe yo ku rubuga runaka yarigeze ishyirwa hanze

Kubera ko ubu hafi ya twese dusigaye dukoresha murandasi (internet) buri munsi dusura imbuga zitandukanye, ubu buri muntu ukoresha internet usanga aba afite konti ku mbuga za internet zitandukanye aba yaragiye asura ashaka gukoresha services zabo, nk'urugero, abenshi muri twe bafite konti kuri facebook, indi kuri instagram, indi kw'irembo, indi kuri twitter indi kuri ebay n'ahandi henshi ugenda usura bikagusaba ko ubanza gufunguza konti kuri urwo rubuga kugirango ubone uburenganzira ubone bwo kurukoresha. Ibi bigakubitaho ko hafi ya hose aho dufunguza konti badusaba email yacu, ugasanga email yawe wenda niba ufite imwe cyangwa ebyiri, nizo ukoresha ufunguza konti ahantu hose ugeze. Aha rero tugiye kubabwira uburyo wamenya niba imyirondoro yawe yaba yarigeze ishyirwa hanze n'abahackers mubyo bita Data Breach.

 Data Breach

Data breach ni iki?  data breach ni ukujya hanze kw'amakuru yari isanzwe ari ibanga, ibi bikunda kubaho ku mbuga za internet ziba zibitse ariya makuru y'abantu baba barahafunguje konti zabo. Biba igihe abahackers baba babashije kwinjira mu bubiko bw'amakuru (database) bw'urubuga runaka aho rubika amakuru yose ajyanye na konti z'abantu bahafunguje maze abo ba hackers bakaziba bakaba banazishyira hanze, aha ni hamwe twumva ngo aba hackers bamennye amabanga y'urubuga runaka.
Data breach yagiye iba ku mbuga zikomeye cyane twese tuzi aho zinjirirwaga maze amakuru yose zibitse y'abantu bahafite konti akajya hanze, izi mbuga zirimo nka myspace, tmblr, Uber, 000webhost, VK, linkedln, ashley madison n'izindi nyinshi.
email cyangwa andi makuru akwerekeyeho kuba yajya hanze ntacyo urebye bivuze cyane, igiteye impungenge nuko muri data breach akenshi usibye email ukoresha haba hanarimo password ukoresha kuri iyo konti bikongera kurushaho gutera impungenge cyane kuko abantu benshi bakoresha password imwe ahantu hose, bivuze ko password ya email ye usanga ari nayo password ya konti ye ya facebbok, ariyo ye yo kuri instagram n'ahandi hose afunguza konti akenshi abantu bakabikora gutya murwego rwo kwirinda kuzibagirwa passwords bakoresha.
Bikumvikana ko ugize amahirwe yo kumenya password ye y'ahantu hamwe ushobora kuba konti ze zose wazizenguruka winjiramo ugakora ibyo ushaka ukoresheje ya password imwe yonyine.  Akenshi bamwe mu bafunguje konti kuri izi mbuga zigira data breach ntibanamenya ko byabaye, kuko kompanyi nyinshi zigeregeza guhisha ibi bintu iyo bizibayeho.

Have I Been Pwned?

Have i been pwned ni iki rero? Have i been pwned ni urubuga rwashinzwe muri 2004 rufata data breaches zose zabayeho zishoboka maze bakabika izo information ku buryo umuntu wese ubishaka nta kiguzi ushobora kuza ugashyiramo email yawe ukareba ko imbuga za intenet zose wigize gufunguzaho konti nta na rumwe rwaba rwaragize data breach ntubimenye maze umwirondoro wawe wabahaye ugashyirwa ahagaragara. 

Ubu ngubu mu Kuboza 2017 ubwo twandikaga iyi nkuru have i been pwned yari imaze kugira miliyari 4.8 za konti zose muri  data breaches 251 bamaze kuba babika.

Njye na kwireba gute muri data breaches zimaze kujya hanze

Kureba niba emails ukoresha niba nta nimwe yaba yarashyizwe hanze icyo ukora ni ukujya ku rubuga rwa Have i Been Pwned maze ugashyiramo email yawe byonyine bakaguha igisubizo. Hano ndakoresha urugero rw'imwe muri email nkoresha 


Kubw'amahirwe imbuga zose nakoreshejeho iyi email mpafunguza amakonti urabonako nta na rumwe rwari rwagira data breach.

Gusa dushobora kugerageza indi email yaba  yaragiye ijya muri data breaches nyinshi,   reka dukoresha email ya ajit pai (niba utazi ajit pai wasoma ibye ukanze hano


Ajit Pai konti ze yafunguje akoresheje iyi email ye zabaye bleached kuri dropbox muri 2012, exploit muri 2016 na linkedln muri 2016.  

Isomo ahangaha wa kwiga ni uko ibyiza bishoboka ari uko wajya ukoresha passwod zitandukanye kuri konti zitandukanye, kuba data zawe zaba breached byo ntacyo wabikoraho kuko iyo ufunguje konti ku rubuga runaka nuko uba wiyemeje ko ubaha amakuru bagusaba maze nabo bakaguha ibyo ukeneye kuri urwo rubuga. 

Gusa ubungubu ntiwakagira impungenge cyane kuko abakora imbuga ubu batakibika password z'abantu bahafungujeho konti muri database zabo ngo babibike mu magambo asanzwe (plain text), basigaye bakoresha ibyo bita kubika passwod ziri salted cyangwa digest hash resuklt za password yawe bikaba byo bitanga umutekano usesuye.

Niba hari icyifuzo cyangwa igitekerezo ushaka kutugezaho rero wareba hepfo gato ukadusangiza igitekerezo cyawe ahabugenewe, cyangwa ukatwandikira kuri page yacu ya Facebook ariyo "ktimez.com".

Uko wagarura file zasibwe muri telephone yawe cyangwa kuri memory card

Ese waba wirigeze usiba amafoto, indirimbo cyangwa n’ibindi runaka utabishaka? Ukaba nta bundi buryo ufite bwo kubigarura kandi byari ingenzi, mu bihe byashize iyo wasibaga ibintu kubw'impanuka ntayandi mahitamo wagiraga uretse kwakira igihombo, tukaba dushimira iterambere mu ikoranabuhanga ryaje kuko ubu wagarura ibyasibwe byose muri telephone yawe mu buryo bworoshye kandi buri wese akaba yabyikorera. Kurikira amabwiriza ku murongo.


1.    Icyo usabwa ni ukumanura software yitwa FORecovery Android Data Recovery ukayishyira muri mudasobwa yawe (install). Nyuma yo kuyishira muri mudasobwa yawe, yifungure hanyuma ucomeke telephone yawe kuri mudasobwa ukoresheje umugozi wa USB. Hanyuma uhitemo uburyo bwa Data Recovery, mu gihe ubonye mudasobwa itayibonye, reba niba telephone yawe idafunze cyangwa wemeze USB debugging.

2.    Hitamo ubwoko bwa file ushaka kugarura kuko ibi bazagufasha kugarura file wifuza gusa kuko software ifite ubushobozi bwo kugarura n'ibyo utifuzaga. Mu rwego rwo kwirinda ibyo udakeneye, uhitamo ubwoko bwa file ushaka kugarura hanyuma ukande kuri button ya Next.

3.    Hitamo niba ukoresha Advanced cyangwa Standard scan: ushobora guhita wibaza aho ubu buryo bwombi butandukanira. Standard scanning izihutisha igikorwa vuba ariko rimwe na rimwe siko izagarura ibintu byose wifuzaga, mu gihe advanced izatwara umwanya munini ariko ukaba ufite amahirwe menshi ya kugarura ibintu byose. Nurangiza guhitamo uburyo bumwe muri ubu tubonye ukoresha kugira ngo ukomeze kanda start.

4.    Gushakisha ibyari byarabuze nibirangira, uzabona ibyabashije kuboneka mubyo wari warabuze, kugira ngo ubashe kubigarura muri mudasobwa yawe kanda “recover” hanyuma utegereze byibike muri mudasobwa yawe aho ushobora kubifata ukabishyira kuri telephone yawe cyangwa ahandi hose waba wifuza.

Uko wagarura ibyasibwe kuri memory card


Amabwiriza akurikira yerekana inzira wanyuramo kugira ngo ubashe kugarura ama file yaba yarasibwe kuri memory card yawe. Kurikira amabwiriza ku murongo.


1.    Nk'uko twabibonye mu mabwiriza yabanje hejuru, ugomba kuba ufite FORecovery Android Data Recovery iri muri mudasobwa yawe kandi ikora neza, hanyuma uhitemo sd card recovery ahagana hasi kuri program.

2.    Shyira memory card yawe muri mudasobwa ukoresheje card reader cangwa uyishyire muri telephone yawe hanyuma ucomeke ukoresheje umugozi wa usb

3.    Hitamo akamenyetso (icon) kerekana memory card kagaragara muri program hanyuma ukande kuri continue mu gihe memory card yaba igaragara ko yabonetse kuri mudasobwa

4.    Hanyuma uhitemo uburyo bwo gushakisha ibyasibwe ukoresha hagati ya standard na advanced nk'uko twabonye itandukaniro riri hagati y'ubu buryo bwombi. Hanyuma ukande Next.

5.    Gushakisha ibyari byarabuze birangiye, ukabona ibyo washakaga kugarura wabibonye kanda kuri recover kugira ngo ubashe kubigarura kuri memory card yawe.

Turabibutsa ko iyi software ikora muri mudasobwa zirimo operating system ya windows ndetse na telephone zirimo operating system ya Android. 

Niba hari icyifuzo, inyunganizi cyangwa igitekerezo ushaka kutugezaho rero wareba hepfo gato ukadusangiza igitekerezo cyawe ahabugenewe, cyangwa ukatwandikira kuri page yacu ya Facebook ariyo "Ktimez.com".

Ibintu bitanu ukwiriye gukora nyuma yo kugura mudasobwa nshya

Abenshi muri iyi minsi bafite mudasobwa murugo cyangwa izo bagendana ndetse n'aho bakorera, niba ntayo ufite cyangwa ufite gahunda yo kuyigura hano hari ibyo wagakwiye gukora mbere y'uko ukoresha murandasi, ukina game n'ibindi.

Uyu munsi muri iyi nkuru turarebera hamwe bike wagakwiye gukora mbere y'uko ukoresha igikoresho wiguriye.

Tudatinze mu magambo reka dutangirire ku mwanya wambere. Kuri uyu mmwanya turahasanga:

1. gerageza ushyire system yawe kugihe (update your system)

Ari microsoft na apple bagerageza gushyira hanze ubwirinzi bushya n'uburyo bwo guhangana n'ibibazo byaba biri muri system. Igihe uguze mudasobwa yawe gerageza ushyire kugihe system yawe mbere y'uko ukoresha murandasi. Gushyira system yawe kugihe byongerera ubwirinzi mudasobwa yawe.

2. Gerageza ushyire kugihe ama drivers ya mudasobwa yawe (update drivers) 

ubundi iyo uguze mudasobwa nshya wakagombye kubona cd iriho ama drivers ya mudasobwa yawe, ariko nubwo abenshi bigira kuri black market(isoko rigurirwaho ibikoresho bya make akenshi bikunze kuba atari bishya) ntabwo babasha kubona iyo cd n'abayibona akenshi usanga igihe cy'ayo ma drivers cyararangiye.

gukora update y'ayo ma drivers ni ibintu byoroshye, icyo usabwa gukora ni ugufungura device manager ubundi ukareba ama drivers afite akamenyetso kagaragaza error ubundi nubona error iri kuri driver runaka ukore right click ubundi uhitemo update driver software.

3. Shyira antivirus muri mudasobwa yawe.

iki nicyo kintu cyambere cy'ibanze wagakwiye gukora mu gihe uguze mudasobwa nshya.

Uko tubizi ibikoresho byose bya electronics biba byoroshye ko byakwibasirwa n'aba hackers. Mu buryo bwo kwirinda aba hackers rero wagakwiye gushyira antivirus muri mudasobwa yawe mbere na mbere ukiyigura.

Ushobora kuba wahise wibaza uti ese aba hackers ni iki?

Hackers ni abantu baba bafite ubumenyi runaka kuri mudasobwa, bifashisha ubwo bumenyi bafite mu bikorwa byo kwigarurira mudasobwa z'abandi bantu.

4. Shyira ama porogaramu muri mudasobwa 

Uyu rero akaba ariwo mwanya wo gushyira ama porogaramu runaka uzakoresha muri mudasobwa yawe.

Hari ama porogaramu menshi kuri murandasi washyira muri mudasobwa yawe akaba yagufasha mu buzima bwawe bwa burimunsi. Mbere yuko umanura ayo ma porogaramu gerageza urebe neza ko ugiye kuyamanurira ahantu hizewe neza kubera ko hari imbuga nyinshi ziba zifite ama porogaramu atizewe ashobora kwangiza mudasobwa yawe. 

Reka turebere hamwe ama porogaramu amwe ashobora kudufasha mu buzima bwa buri munsi.

Ku mwanya wambere turahasanga Microsoft Office, Adobe reader igakurikira, Google Chrome cyangwa Mozilla Firefox, Adobe Photoshop n'andi menshi.

5. Ama porogaramu ya File Recovery

Abakoresha mudasobwa benshi ntabwo bita kuri iki kintu ariko iki ni ikintu cy'ibanze nacyo wagakwiye gukora igihe uguze igikoresho gishya(mudasobwa). 

Ubundi mu gihe utunze mudasobwa wagakwiye guteganya ko ibintu byose ubitsemo bishobora kubura mu kanya nk'ako guhumbya bitewe n'ama virus ukaba watakaza amafaranga menshi kugira ngo ubashe kubigarura. 

Ariko ushyizemo ama porogaramu yagufasha kugarura ibyo wabuze byaba byiza kurushaho.

Mbere yuko ushyiramo iyo porogaramu reba neza ko iyo porogaramu ugiye gushyiramo ivuye ahantu hizewe.

Ibyo byari ibintu 5 muri byinshi wagakwiye gukora umaze kugura mudasobwa nshya.

Wakunze ibyo twanditse wasangiza n'abandi.

Ufite ikibazo cyangwa inyunganizi watwandikira ahagenewe ibitekerezo.

by crook in Tech News How To

Dore uko wasoma ubutumwa (message) bwamaze gusibwa kuri wahatsapp

Nyuma y'uko hasohotse uburyo bushya aribwo “delete for everyone” bwemerera umuntu gusiba ubutumwa yohereje kuri whatsapp mu minota irindwi (7) bwoherejwe, ubu havumbuwe uko n'ubundi ubwo butumwa bwasibwe wabusoma.

Dore uko wasoma ubutumwa (message) bwamaze gusibwa kuri wahatsapp

Mu minsi mike ishize nibwo application ikoreshwa cyane ku isi mu koherezanya ubutumwa “whatsapp” yazanye ikoranabuhanga rishya ryo gusiba ubutumwa wohereje mu gihe butarengeje iminota irindwi, aho iri koranabuhanga ryiswe “delete for everyone”. Nk'uko byatangajwe n’ urubuga rwa murandasi rwo mu gihugu cya Esipanye (Spanish blog) arirwo www.androidjefe.comuru rubuga rugaragaza ko ushobora kubona ubwo butumwa bwasibwe.

Uru rubuga rutangaza ko ubu butumwa bwasibwe wakomeza kububona mu gihe waba ukoresha version ya android ya Andriod Nougat(7) cyangwa indi yose yaba yisumbuyeho. Icyo uzasabwa gusa ni ukumanura application yitwa Notification History kuko izagufasha kuba wasoma ubutumwa bwarangije gusibwa mu gihe umuntu yari yabukohereje.

Gusa icyo twakubwira nuko iyi app ikwereka ubutumwa bw’amagambo (text) bwasibwe gusa, ntabwo washobora kubona amafoto, amashusho cyangwa amajwi yari yahoherejwe, icyo uzabona gusa ni ubutumwa bw’amagambo. Numanura iyi application muri play store yawe uzabasha kujya usoma ubutumwa bwasibwe unyuze muri Android Notification log.

Havumbuwe ko ubutumwa bwose twakira bubikwa muri system ya telephone yacu muri notification register bivuze ko ugiyemo ushobora gusoma ubutumwa bwose bwasibwe n’uwari wabwohereje, Notification History application ni inzira ya bugufi (shortcut) yo kugera kuri ubwo butumwa buba bubitse muri Android Notifacation Register

Gusa ikindi twababwira ni uko uru rubuga rwatangaje ko uzasoma inyuguti ijana (100 characters) zambere zigize ubutumwa bwari bwoherejwe, bivuze ko ubutumwa burengeje inyuguti ijana utazabasha kubusoma bwose, amakuru ahari ni uko muzindi version nshya za whatsapp zizakurikira ubu buryo bwo gusoma ubutumwa bwasibwe uciye muri Android Notification Register butazashoboka, bivuze ko nta bundi buryo buzaba buhari bwo gusoma ubutumwa bwasibwe mu gihe kitarenze iminota irindwi bwoherejwe.

Niba hari icyifuzo cyangwa igitekerezo ushaka kutugezaho rero wareba hepfo gato ukadusangiza igitekerezo cyawe ahabugenewe, cyangwa ukatwandikira kuri page yacu ya Facebook ariyo "ktimez.com".

by charles in Android How To

Uburyo wareba ibyo mugenzi wawe akoresha Telephone ye muburyo bw’ibanga

Niba umugore wawe, umugabo wawe cyangwa inshuti yawe ikoresha telephone ya android cyangwa iOS. nshobora kukwereka uburyo wamenya ibyo akoresha telephone ye niba umukekaho imico mibi harimo nko kuguca inyuma n’ibindi.

Muri  iyi nkuru turarebera hamwe ama software wakoresha kugira ngo ubashe kwinjira muri telephone ya mugenzi wawe cyangwa inshuti yawe ibi byose turabigeraho twifashishije ama porogaramu amwe n'amwe hari ayishyurwa ndetse n'atishyurwa ariko twe turi bukoreshe atishyurwa muri aka gace ushatse ibindi birenzeho washobora kwigurira ayo maporogaramu ukabasha kuyakoresha.

Icyitonderwa: ibyo tugiye kurebera hamwe uyumunsi byose bikozwe muburyo bwo kwigisha ibyo turibukore nubikoresha muburyo butari bwiza ushobora kuzabihanirwa, nubihanirwa ntuzikome ktimez.com.

Icyambere nambere gisabwa ni uko ugomba kuba wabona telephone y'uwo ushaka kuzajya umenya amabanga ye byibuze iminota kuva kuri 3-5 .

Ubundi kuri iyi si ya rurema hari ama porogaramu menshi ashobora gushyirwa muri telephone yawe akaba yakwiba amabanga yawe harimo message za whatsapp, message zisanzwe, email n’ibindi byinshi. Hari n'abayakoresha muburyo butari bwiza.

Amwe mu ma porogaramu ndetse n'ama websites ashobora gukora ako kazi tubonye haruguru harimo:

Phonesheriff

MySpy

TheTruthSpy/

Hari ama porogaramu menshi cyane ku isi ashobora kuba yabona ibyo ukoresha telephone yawe akaba yanabika ibyo ukora byose icyo asaba ni uko ugomba kuba ukoresha Telephone irimo OS ya Android cyangwa iOS.

Gusa muri ayo menshi ikunzwe gukoreshwa cyane ni FlexiSpy. Iyi yo ireba byinshi cyane harimo nko kugenzura mudasobwa, telephone ititaye aho waba uri aho ariho hose .

Ibyo ni bimwe mu byo FlexiSpy yabasha gukora ushatse kureba byinshi wajya ku rubuga rwabo maze ukirebera.

Ariko muri ibyo byose uzabona kuri iyo website ntabwo ariko byose ubikoresha keretse iyo watanze ifatabuguzi ringana amadolari $349 ku mwaka ndetse n’amadollari $199 mu gihe kingana n’amezi atatu.

Ikindi ugomba kumenya ni uko muri ariya ma porogaramu yose twabonye yose ataboneka kuri Playstore cyangwa Apple Store. Ayo wapfa gusangaho ni nko kukwereka aho nimero ya telephone uhamagaye iri cyangwa aho umwana wawe aherereye mu gihe afite telephone n’ibindi akenshi ama porogaramu nk'ayo akora ibintu bisanzwe wayasanga kuri PlyaStore.

Ingero Harimo nka:

Mobile Location Tracker

GPS Phone Tracker Pro

Aya ma porogaramu yo icyo akora ni ukureba aho telephone iherereye ntakindi gihambaye yagufasha.

Kugira ngo ugire byinshi ukora bigusaba gushaka ya ma porogaramu yishyurwa ashobora kuba yasoma ubutumwa bugufi, email, kumviriza ibiganiro n’ibindi byisnhi.

Mbere y'uko dutangira nagiraga ngo nongenre ngire ibyo mbibutsa.

1. Ugomba kuba ufite telephone y''uwo muntu ushaka kuneka kandi ukaba ufite ubushobozi bwo kuba wamanura iyo porogaramu ukanayishyiramo ni ukuvuga ko ugomba kuba wamarana nawe igihe kingana n’iminota iva kuri 4-5.

2. Ugomba kuba ufite murandasi kubera ko iyo porogaramu uba washyize muri iyo telephone ivana ibintu byose abitse kuri iyo telephone ikabijyana kuri server yayo, nui kuvuga ko mugihe wayishyize muri telephone y’umuntu utajya yigurira Data aho ndakeka ntakintu ibi byazagufasha.

3. Rimwe na rimwe hari igihe Wafatwa ukabihanirwa.

Muri iyi nkuru twe turakoresha Porogaramu yitwa TheTruthSpy. Iyi porogaramu ubusanzwe iragurishwa ariko ba nyir'ukuyikora babanza kuguha amasaha agera kuri 48 kugira ngo ubashe kuyigerageza mbere y'uko uyigura.

1. Manura TheTruthSpy

Mbere y'uko dutangira neza reka tubanze turebe ibyo iyi truthspy yakora:

1. Kuba yareba aho uri gukoresha telephone aherereye(GPS tracking)

2. Gusoma Email

3. Record Call

4. Gusoma ubutumwa bwa whatsapp n'ubundi butumwa bwose

5. Kugenzura ibyo ushakisha ukoresheje browser

6. Kureba amafoto

Ibyo ni bimwe iyo porogaramu ya ThetruthSpy yabasha gukora .

Ushaka kuyimanura urajya ku rubuga rwabo unyuze kuri iyi link/

Urabona ahanditse Download(Free 48Hours) uhakande ubundi uyimanure.

2. Kora Install y'iyo Porogaramu

Mbere y'uko dushyira iyi porogaramu muri telephone hari ibintu tugomba kubanza guhindura kuri iyo  telephone  muri Security Settings.

Ubusanzwe android iyo wayiguze muri settings haba hemeje ko ama porogaramu agomba kujyamo ari ama porogaramu aba avuye PlayStore gusa kandi twe porogaramu tugiye gushyiramo ntabwo ariho ivuye bivuze ko tugomba kubanza kubihindura.

Kuri android kugira ngo dushyiremo iyo porogaramu bidusaba kujya muri Settings>Security>Tukareba ahanditse “Unknown Sources“


Nurangiza gerageza umanure ThetruthSpy hano  uhite uyishyira muri ya Telephone ya mugenzi wawe .

Imaze kumanuka uyikandeho nurangiza ukurikize ibisa n'ibi biri kuri iyi foto ikurikira hasi .

Ubu kuba Installation irangiye yifungure iragusaba kuyihuza na konti ya Email yawe cyangwa ukaba wafungura indi. Kugira ngo nyiri telephone atamenya icyabaye wagasubiye muri Security ukarebako ibintu wabisubiza uko wabisanze, Nurangiza unajye aho wamanuriye ya porogaramu ubundi uyisibe, Ikindi cyiza cy'iyi porogaramu ni uko ushobora kuyihisha umaze gukora Login.


3. Jya muri Control Panel yayo

Ubu ubwo tumaze kuyishyira muri Telephone, dushobora kuba twagenzura Telephone twifashishije website. Kubera ko porogaramu twayishyize muri Telephone ubu ibintu byose yabishyize kuri Server ubu dushobora kubibona tunyuze muri account twakoze. Ushobora kugera muri dashboard unyuze aha


Aha uzashyiramo email yawe na password ukoresha, nurangiza kuzishyiramo uzahita ubona Dashboard isa n'iri kuri iyi foto iri hasi. Mugihe iyi ari Version y’ubuntu ibintu byinshi hano ntabwo bikora byose byakora ari uko uyiguze, icyo iyi yatwereka harimo nka SMS zose zoherejwe n'izakiriwe, abo uwo muntu yahamagaye ndetse n'abamuhamagaye n'utundi duke.


Ubu ushobora kureba ubutumwa bugufi yohereje ndetse n'ubwo yakiriye, ukareba aho aherereye, abamuhamagaye ndetse n'abo yahamagaye na auto Answer ituma ushobora kumviriza ibiganiro yaba ari kugirana n’abandi yifashishije telephone.

Icyitonderwa: Nk'uko nabibabwiye tugitangira Ibi mbibagejejeho mu buryo bwo kubereka ko hari byinshi wakora wifashishije Telephone ndetse na porogaramu runaka(ni kumpamvu zo kwiga). Nubikoresha mu buryo bunyuranyije n’amategeko cyangwa ukabikora nyiri telephone atabizi akaza kubimenya akakujyana mu nkiko ntuzarenganye Ktimez.com


Wakunze ibyo twanditse wasangiza n’abandi kandi hari ikibazo, cyangwa inyunganizi ushaka kutugezaho watwandikira ahagenewe ibitekerezo.

by crook in How To

Uburyo wafungura mudasobwa yawe ukoresheje Telephone yawe ya Android cyangwa iPhone

Abenshi muri twe dufite mudasobwa murugo cyangwa mudasobwa ngendanwa(Laptop) ariko uburyo abenshi dukoresha dufungura mudasobwa zacu ni uburyo bwo gukoresha Username ndetse na Password. Ese wabifata ute nkubwiye ko hari ubundi buryo bufite umutekano uhambaye ushobora gukoresha ugaha mudasobwa yawe umutekano usesuye uwo mutekano wa mudasobwa yawe ushobora kuwugeraho wifashishije Telephone yawe.

Ubu buryo tugiye kurebera hamwe buzagufasha kuba wafungura mudasobwa yawe wifashishije Telephone yawe yaba ikoresha Operating System ya Android cyangwa ikoresha iOS, aho ukoresha mudasobwa biba bitamusaba gushyiramo username ndetse na password muri mudasobwa ye kugira ngo abashe kuyifungura ahubwo hano icyo azaba asabwa nuko azaba afite telephone ye gusa akabasha gufungura mudasobwa ye mu buryo bworoshye nta ngorane.

Ushobora kuba aribwo bwambere ubonye ijambo Operating System bikagutera kwibaza uti ese rishatse kuvuga iki?

Operating System ni porogaramu y'ibanze igenzura buri kimwe gikorerwa muri mudasobwa si mudasobwa gusa kubera ko ama telephone menshi dukoresha muri iki gihe nayo afite Operating System. Ntabwo tugiye kuvuga kuri Operating System uyu munsi ahubwo reka dukomereze ku buryo wafungura mudasobwa yawe ukoresheje telephone ikoresha Operating System ya Android cyangwa iOS.

Kugira ngo tubashe gufungura mudasobwa yacu twifashishije Telephone hari ibyo dusabwa:

1. Porogaramu yitwa Rohos Logon Key ijya muri mudasobwa
ndetse ikaba inafite version ya Telephone.

2. Mudasobwa

3. Telephone ikoresha Android/iOS

4. Network 

Ibyo tubonye haruguru niba ubyujuje reka dutangire.

1. Manura Porogaramu Yitwa Rohos Logon Key

Mbere na mbere banza umanure porogaramu yitwa Rohos Logon Key uyishyire muri mudasobwa yawe. Ushaka kuyimanura wakurikira iyi link( Kanda hano uyimanure). Umaze kuyishyira muri mudasobwa yawe unayifunguye uzahita ubona ifoto isa n'iyi ikurikira.


2. Umaze kubona ifoto isa n'iyo tubonye haruguru hita ukanda ahanditse Options, hazahita hafunguka akandi kadirishya uhitemo ahambere urabona amahitamo menshi nurangiza uhitemo  Mobile Phone (Android/iOS).


Aho ubona hari utumenyetso tw’umutuku nawe ubikore bise neza nk'uko ubona aho bimeze kuri iyo foto iri haruguru .

Kanda OK urahita usubira ku ifoto isa niyo twatangiriyeho(1) maze ukande ahanditse SetUp Authentication key utaragira byinshi ukora banza ufate telephone yawe umanure porogaramu ya Rohos Logon Key  urebe neza ko yageze muri Telephone yawe  nurangiza usubire kuri mudasobwa yawe .

3.Twafashe telephone yacu tumaze gukanda ahanditse Authentication Key umaze kuhakanda urahita ubona ifoto isa n'iyi ikurikira.


Umaze kubona ifoto isa n'iyi jya iruhande rw’ibumoso aho hari akamenyetso gasa n’umutuku ushyiremo password wari usanzwe ukoresha harahita haza ayo ma QR code(ibimenyetso birimo umukara n’umweru) nurangiza ufate telephone yawe ufungure ya porogaramu  washyizemo yitwa Rohos Logon Key ukande ahanditse Scan Rohos Logon QR Code. Bazahita bagusaba kumanura akandi ga porogaramu kitwa Barcode Scanner ukamanure nurangiza nikamara kugera muri telephone yawe, wongere ufungure Rohos ukande ahanditse “Scan Rohos Logon QR Code.” Ubundi unyuze camera ya telephone yawe kuri biriya bimenyetso bisa n'umukara n’umweru .

Umaze kuyascanna bazaguha ubutumwa busa n'ubwi'yi foto ikurikira.


Kanda ahanditse OK. 

Ubu nibwo buryo bwiza wakongera umutekano wa mudasobwa yawe ukoresheje Telephone yawe ngendanwa. Wakunze ibyo twanditse wabisangiza n’abandi.

Hari ikibazo cyangwa inyunganizi ufite wabitugezaho ubinyujije ahagenewe ibitekerezo.

by crook in How To

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